Easter 1916

Under the collections entitled ‘Michael Robartes and the dancer’ it is a answer to the poem September 1913. The date links to the rebellion in Ireland and mentions certain heroes in the uprising. The poem celebrates glorious failure and is an epitaph to those who died. It names individuals in a powerful way and he expresses his opinion about how Ireland will never be the same. He has complex attitudes to events and characteristics not of Yeats’ style. This poem shows the more mature side of Yeats. The first stanza reflects on a personal view of someone walking and the third links to nature.

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The Fisherman

‘The Wilde Swans At Coole’ is the collection this poem is in. It is mainly an observation of Yeats idea of a proper Irish man who is an isolated individual who is happy to be alone. There is a simple style of poetry represents his doubt and ambiguous and rhythmical/hypnotic quality to the poem. Yeats gives the impression that he hopes the fisherman will always be there as an Irish background.

The Cold Heaven

This poem is also in the collection named ‘Responsibilities’ and mainly has a sad tone as it raises the possibility that heaven is a state of mind. This poem reflects a lot about his failures in love and talks about how Maude has gone in the line “…love crossed long ago;” and about emotions he thought he’d lost. He used no punctuation near the end to give the emphasis that the words are waves. He uses the repetition on an oxymoron of ice and long lines of poem prophets awareness to the reader.

September 1913

This poem is in the collection entitled ‘Responsibilities’ and was written during the middle of his life. It is a highly reflective poem. The use of the strong ABAB rhyme scheme maintains a spiteful and accusatory tone. The language in the poem is straight forward and plain but end in a bitter closure for the poem. It includes historical names and refers to his lover Maude; “You’d cry, ‘Some woman’s yellow hair'” and his last line “They’re with O’Leary in the grave” links to his opinion of how they are not properly remembered by their culture they fought to save.

The Help Plot Summary/Overview

http://acriticalreviewofthehelp.wordpress.com/for-students/summaryplot-overview/

When Eugenia “Skeeter” Phelan returns to her hometown of Jackson, Mississippi fresh from college with a diploma, her mother dismisses it as ”a pretty piece of paper.” And so the novel THE HELP truly begins, for its Skeeter’s story that drives the pages. It’s the age old story of a child now grown, still hoping to appease an unyielding parent. In this case Charlotte Phelan, who in Skeeter’s eyes is pretty, petite, in short everything a Southern belle should be while Skeeter is not.

Skeeter thinks of herself as too tall, with whitish blond hair that’s too kinky, a nose flawed by having a slight bump along the top and fair skin that’s “downright deathly when I’m serious.”

Although Skeeter enjoys the monthly bridge games with childhood friends Hilly Holbrook and Elizabeth Leefolt, she runs afoul of Hilly when she jokes about the former’s mission to see that all the white residents of Jackson, Mississippi have separate bathrooms outside of their homes for the black help. For as Hilly believes, “everybody knows they (blacks) carry different kinds of diseases than we do.”

Aibileen Clark, the maid waiting on the ladies as they play bridge, overhears Skeeter’s flippant reply. “Maybe we ought to just build you a bathroom outside Hilly.”

That sets off Skeeter and Hilly’s battle of wills throughout the novel. Not only does Skeeter have to endure her mother’s constant criticisms, but also Hilly’s attempts to run her life. Hilly fires the first warning shot, when she threatens to remove Skeeter as the editor of their Junior League’s newsletter for her untimely joke. For Hilly is hell bent on having her Home Help Sanitation Initiative bill placed into law.

A somewhat dejected Skeeter tries to engage Aibileen in conversation once they’re in Elizabeth Leefolt’s kitchen by themselves. Skeeter notes the radio station Aibileen’s listening to, telling her the preacher’s sermon reminds her of the station her childhood maid, Constantine always listened to. Skeeter also tries to broach the subject of Hilly’s sanitation bill, and wonders aloud to a woman who’s lived her whole life under segregation ”Do you ever wish you could…change things?”

To which Skeeter covertly attempts to do just that.

Though she’s landed a job giving out housekeeping tips for the local paper, Skeeter longs to be a writer. One day, after hearing Aibileen talk about her recently deceased son’s idea to write about his experience as a black worker, Skeeter is encouraged when a New York editor likes her premise of writing about the female domestics in Jackson, Mississippi. For as Skeeter implores “Nobody ever asked Mammy (From Gone with the Wind) how she really felt.”

She enlists the help of Aibileen to gather up more maids so that she can write a manuscript about their experiences as the Help. Aibileen brings along a friend, the sassy Minny Jackson. Minny has lost a number of jobs because of her sharp tongue, yet with a bit of cunning from Aibileen she lands a job with Miss Celia Foote, a woman who’s an outcast in Hilly’s society circle because she ‘s white trash. Minny and Celia begin a wacky relationship, partly because Celia doesn’t want her husband to know she’s enlisted a maid to help her around the house.

As Skeeter’s manuscript on the domestics takes shape, she also finds progress in her love life once Hilly sets her up on a blind date with a state senator’s son. Stuart Whitworth appears to be the answer to both Skeeter and her demanding mother’s prayers. Because by now Charlotte Phelan has been diagnosed with cancer. Skeeter retreats to a time when she was most comfortable, under the care of the loving maid Constantine. So while she peppers Aibileen with questions over Constantine’s rather abrupt departure, Aibileen silently mourns her son’s untimely death. To compensate for her loss, Aibileen develops a strong, loving bond with Miss Leefolt’s daughter Mae Mobley, and her attempts to teach the child how to potty underscore the absurdity of having an outhouse strictly for the Help. In one scene, Mae Mobley refuses to use the toilet, insisting that Aibileen go first.

There are several relationships woven throughout the novel. Skeeter and her mother, Skeeter and Hilly, Skeeter and the black maids, Skeeter and Stuart Whitworth. Though she dare not tell Stuart what she’s working on, he appears supportive of her quest to become a writer. Stuart even tells her she’s pretty, something Skeeter has waited all her life to hear. The other relationships include Minny and Miss Celia, Minny and her abusive husband Leroy, and Minny’s friendship with Aibileen. Aibileen in turn develops a growing admiration for Skeeter, a close friendship with Minny, and motherly affection for the love starved daughter of frazzled housewife Elizabeth Leefolt, two year old Mae Mobley.

When Skeeter misplaces a satchel filled with research information crucial to her novel, Hilly finds it and demands to know what she’s up to. Because she has to grovel in front of Aibileen, Skeeter gets a taste of what the black help go through. Skeeter lies and pretends her literature is nothing of importance and turns the conversation back to Hilly’s stress over her husband’s political ambitions. But with each lie and hidden meetings with her African American confidants, Skeeter is drawn more and more into seeing how unfair the system of segregation is.

As the novel ends, Skeeter learns the part her mother played in Constantine’s decision to leave their employ. And once her book, aptly titled Help is published, its thinly veiled descriptions of actual residents causes a ripple effect, enveloping everyone who reads it. Minny’s husband is fired from his job because of her participation in crafting the book. She finally decides to leave him after he takes his anger out her one too many times. Skeeter and Stuart’s engagement is called off the very night he finally gives her a ring, after she reveals the project was her doing. And Hilly threatens to not only sue Skeeter, but to enact revenge on all the maids whose stories are included in the book. In order to dull her bluster, Aibileen counters with the special pie Minny fooled Hilly with. Its seems Minny, a woman well revered as the best cook by far of all the local help was able to prepare a pie which included her own feces in the mix. And unfortunately, Hilly ate two slices.

While Skeeter’s book becomes a best seller, enabling her to finally break free of a still ailing mother and the strict social norms of her town, Aibileen is let go from Elizabeth Leefolt’s household at Hilly’s insistence. Though her heart is heavy at leaving Mae Mobley, Aibileen is comforted by a new position as the unknown cleaning advice columnist, a position that Skeeter relinquished for a job in New York City. Aibileen, along with all the other maids who contributed to the novel have royalty payments to look forward to, though the amount is not enough to live on. Still, the novel ends on an oddly hopeful note, as Aibileen leaves with her head held high, convinced that she’s not too old to start over.

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‘The Color Purple’ so far.

I have been studying the novel ‘The Color Purple’ written by Alice Walker. The Novel was published in 1982 and is about a young black girl living in south america, named Celie. Throughout the novel we learn about her life in the form of letters she writes to God which like a diary reflects on the day as she tells it.

We began reading the book in class as a group and discussed different aspects of the book including feminism and racism. We watch the film ‘The Great Debaters’ to help us understand racism and ‘Made in Dagenham’ to understand feminism and I think it has made an effect as it gives an example of it in a situation.

We had to write a short paragraph or two to give our position on whether we believe the book is about racism or sexism. Overall I think the novel is more to do with sexism as women were just used a belittled with no voice to stand up with.

We will have to compare this book with another novel ‘The Help’ written by Kathryn Stockett.